Rebuilding the Rubble

April 29, 2007 | Brian Bill

Have you ever noticed that once we commit to ministry, things suddenly get messy?  We learned two weeks ago that when we focus on giants, we stumble; and when we focus on God our giants tumble.  If you’re serious about asking God to slay some giants in your life, I’m also certain that you’ve encountered some obstacles along the way.  1 Peter 5:12: “Dear friends, do not be surprised at the painful trial you are suffering, as though something strange were happening to you.”   

You and I have a choice to make when this happens.  We can give up on God, or we can give in to God.  I’d like to suggest from the Book of Nehemiah that whenever we face trouble, we must deal with rubble.

Allow me to set the context.  After King Solomon died the country was split into two kingdoms.  The Northern Kingdom had ten tribes and was referred to as Israel.  Judah, the Southern Kingdom contained two tribes.  Because of deliberate disobedience, the Assyrians conquered Israel.  Even though Judah saw all this happen, they continued to rebel against God.  In 586 B.C.the Babylonian army destroyed Jerusalem and deported God’s people to the area we now know as Iraq.

The good news is that many of God’s prophets predicted that this captivity would not destroy the nation and the people would be allowed to go back home.  Daniel understood this truth when he was reading the book of Jeremiah.   Take a look at Daniel 9:2: “…I, Daniel, understood from the Scriptures, according to the word of the Lord given to Jeremiah the prophet, that the desolation of Jerusalem would last seventy years.”  This chart depicts the three returns to Jerusalem and also helps us see how the Old Testament books of Ezra, Esther and Nehemiah fit together. 

Defeating Discouragement

With that as a very brief background, let’s look at what happens in Nehemiah 4.  The people have faced their giants, they’re back in the land and they’re whistling while they work on rebuilding the wall.  It says of them in verse 6 that the “people worked with all their heart.”   And then discouragement sets in.  We see this in verses 1-2: “When Sanballat heard that we were rebuilding the wall, he became angry and was greatly incensed.  He ridiculed the Jews…what are those feeble Jews doing?”  Notice that he called the workers “feeble” which means “withered and miserable.”  

Friends, whenever you attempt to get involved in the work of God, you will always encounter opposition.  When you face trouble, you must deal with the rubble

Are you discouraged today?  Let’s look at three causes of discouragement from Nehemiah 4.

Causes of Discouragement

1. Fatigue.

Verse 10 reads, “Meanwhile, the people in Judah said, ‘The strength of the laborers is giving out…”  Simply put, the workers were tired.  They were hitting it hard and needed some rest.  The phrase “giving out” carries with it the idea of “staggering, tottering, and stumbling.”  

When you are physically drained, it is very easy to become discouraged at the slightest problem.  It’s also interesting to notice when the workers became fatigued and discouraged.  Verse 6 says that the wall was built to half its height.  Many times when we start a new project the first half goes quickly because we’re excited about accomplishing the goal.  But, when the newness wears off and the work becomes routine and boring, then it’s easy to become fatigued.  Verse 10 says: “…we cannot rebuild the wall.”  These are the same people who were described in verse 6 as those who “worked with all their heart.”

2. Frustration. 

Verse 10 continues by saying that there is “so much rubble” that they cannot rebuild the wall.  They became discouraged because they were aggravated about all the obstacles.  I’m sure they were encountering old broken rocks, dried-out mortar, and other debris that was underfoot.  This junk was everywhere.  And it was frustrating.

Just as they lost sight of their goal, so too we can lose sight of our goal when we have gobs of garbage in our lives.   Hebrews 12:1 challenges us to get rid of everything that causes us to be frustrated in our pursuit of godliness: “…let us throw off everything that hinders and the sin that so easily entangles, and let us run with endurance the race marked out for us.”

I don’t know what the rubble is in your life but it may be television, it might be a possession you’re holding on to, or even an unhealthy relationship.  Is there a sin you’ve been playing around with too long?  Do you have a drinking or drug problem, or are you involved in some other kind of entanglement that is tripping you up? 

3. Fear

Those most affected by fear were those who lived near pessimistic people

The enemies of the Lord’s work had struck fear in the hearts of God’s people and they felt like giving up.  Notice in verse 12 who gets afraid the quickest: “Then the Jews who lived near them came and told us ten times over ‘Wherever you turn, they will attack us.’” Those most affected by fear were those who lived near pessimistic people.  

If you want to limit the discouraging thoughts that bring fear into your life, then it’s best to not hang around with negative people.  It’s like the old saying, “If you’re going to soar with the eagles, you can’t run around with turkeys.”

If fatigue, frustration and fear are some of the causes of your discouragement, let’s look at some cures.

Cures for Discouragement

1. Request God’s help

Nehemiah looked up before launching out, he prayed before proceeding in verses 4-5: “Hear us, O God, for we are despised.  Turn their insults back on their own heads. Give them over as plunder in a land of captivity.  Do not cover up their guilt or blot out their sins from your sight, for they have thrown insults in the face of the builders.”  This was quite a prayer – he wasn’t praying for his enemies to become believers but instead for God to judge them.  He knew that the enemies were really fighting against God and so he asks God to deal with them.

He didn’t give lectures to the workers, organize raiding parties against the enemies, or create propaganda campaigns to put a different spin on things.  Here’s the principle we can learn from Nehemiah: When people talk against you, don’t talk back – talk to God.  Verse 9 tells us that they prayed to God and posted a guard.  When their enemies started talking, Nehemiah continued to pray, and the people stayed on track.

2. Reorganize your priorities.  

In verse 13 Nehemiah said, “Therefore I stationed some of the people behind the lowest point of the wall at the exposed places, posting them by families, with their swords, spears and bows.” If the enemies were going to attack they would most likely do so at the weakest places.  So Nehemiah put guards at all the vulnerable spots.  This served two purposes – it discouraged the enemy and it encouraged the people because it dealt with their fear.

When we’re discouraged, one of the things we can do is to reorganize our priorities.  Where are you most vulnerable?  Do you have a problem in your marriage?  If so, don’t bail on your spouse!  Change your approach.  Adopt a new attitude.  Get some help.  Is there junk going on in your job?  Don’t give up!  Change your priorities.  Are you going wayward in your walk with God?  Don’t stop following Jesus!  Reorganize your schedule so you can meet with Him on a regular basis.  Plug into a small group.  Don’t be overcome by discouragement.  Do something about it!

3. Remember who God is.

After looking everything over and sensing the discouragement within his team, Nehemiah rallied his troops in verse 14: “…Don’t be afraid of them.  Remember the Lord, who is great and awesome…”  Nehemiah knew, even in the face of opposition, that the success of the wall was wholly dependent upon God who inspired its beginning.  They needed to remember God and what He had promised.  

Let’s determine to be God-gazers instead of garbage-gazers

The people complained about all the rubble in verse 10.  Here’s a question.  Wasn’t the rubble there in the beginning?  Of course it was.  The difference was that when they started the project they were focused on God and His character.  Friend, if you focus on all the junk in your life, and in the lives of others, you will become discouraged.  Let’s determine to be God-gazers instead of garbage-gazers, OK?  

Making an I.M.P.A.C.T.

As I studied this book this week, it struck me that all six elements of our purpose statement are found within its pages.  Our mission is to connect people to Jesus and equip them to be growing and faithful followers.  Our purpose is to make an I.M.P.A.C.T. through Instructing, Ministering, Praying, Adoring, Caring and Telling others the Gospel.  I’m convinced that if each of us personalize these purposes and devote ourselves to them, we will see God do some amazing things, because whenever we face trouble, we must deal with the rubble.  Or, to say it another way: We must gaze on God, not on the garbage around us.

1.Instructing from the Word. 

Turn over to Nehemiah 8:1: “When the seventh month came and the Israelites had settled in their towns, all the people assembled as one man in the square before the Water Gate.  They told Ezra the scribe to bring out the Book of the Law of Moses, which the Lord had commanded for Israel.”

Verse 3 tells us that Ezra started reading at dawn and read until lunch.  The people listened to the Word of God for over six hours!  We know from verse 18 that this continued for a week.  And, they didn’t just sit in their pews – they “listened attentively.”  

There’s no greater thrill to a preacher then when people listen alertly to the Word of God.  When I was candidating here at PBC almost eight years ago, the search committee told me that this church really responds to biblical preaching.  They were absolutely right – thank you for your attentiveness and compelling desire to understand and obey God’s Word.  In an effort to follow Ezra’s example, we’re going to have six-hour services beginning next Sunday!  Just kidding.

When Ezra opened the Book in verse 5, the people honored God by standing up.  They knew this was not just a man speaking; they were about to hear the very Word of God.  After Ezra praised “the great God” in verse 6, all the people lifted their hands and responded, “Amen! Amen!”  No one fell asleep in this service.  Everyone listened attentively and everyone responded.  

Then they “bowed down and worshipped the Lord with their faces to the ground.”  The anticipation of hearing the Bible in a way that they could understand totally gripped them.  They were locked in, focused, and ready to hear from their great God.

In verses 7-8, the Levites join Ezra in helping to instruct the people.  They “made it clear” and gave the meaning “so that the people could understand what was being read.” They probably mingled with the people and, when there was a break in the reading, answered questions and told them how to live out the Law.  There was both a public proclamation of the Word in a large assembly and then face-to-face interaction in a small group.  

Friends, the Bible is divinely inspired and designed to be understood.  You and I need to contemplate the Word privately, hear it preached corporately, and then apply it in a small-group community.

2. Ministering as a team. 

Chapter 3 shows how people working together can accomplish more than if just one person tried to do all the work.  Underline in your Bible every time you see the following phrases: “next to him,” “next to them,” “after him,” and “after them.”  These expressions are recorded 28 times in this chapter!  Each person had a part as they worked side-by-side in the task God called them to.  The biblical principle is this: every person is to be involved in ministry because everyone has a job to do.  No one can do everything but everyone can do something.  We are saved to serve and mobilized in order to minister.  

Nehemiah was able to build his team around a central rallying point.  He pointed them to the purpose of the work – the glory of God.  They weren’t just working on walls; they were worshipping their worthy God.  The goal of all ministry, and really of life itself is the glory of God.  1 Corinthians 10:31 puts it succinctly: “So whether you eat or drink or whatever you do, do it all for the glory of God.” 

3. Praying with passion. 

I have heard from many of you about how meaningful it was last Sunday to spend so much time in prayer during the service.  There are 12 different prayers recorded in the book and are filled with adoration in chapters 8 and 9; thanksgiving in chapter 12; confession in chapters 1 and 9; petition in chapters 1 and 2.  There are prayers of anguish, joy, protection, dependence and commitment.  The book is brimming with compassionate, persistent, personal and corporate prayer.  Prayer gives Nehemiah perspective; it widens his horizons, sharpens his vision and dwarfs his anxieties.

Nehemiah’s public life was the outflow of his personal life, which was steeped in, and shaped by, a lifestyle of prayer.  His devotion to God, his dependence on Him for everything, and his desire for the glory of God found equal expression.  

He knew that only ventures that are begun in prayer and bathed in prayer throughout are likely to be blessed.  Are you committed to prayer?  It has been said that prayer is not getting our will done in heaven but getting God’s will done on earth. 

4. Adoring God in worship. 

Worship can be defined as “worth-ship,” where we engage our mind, our emotions, and our will to gratefully acknowledge the worth of our God.  There is no other human activity as lofty as that of adoring God.  The Westminster Shorter Catechism states “our chief end is to glorify God and enjoy Him forever.”

Please turn to Nehemiah 12.  In verse 27 we read about a dedication service for the newly constructed wall.  The Levites were brought “to celebrate joyfully the dedication with songs of thanksgiving and with the music of cymbals, harps and lyres.”  Grateful celebration, thanksgiving and dedication are the three main themes, and they take us to the heart of what worship is all about.  

Celebration is the primary aspect of praise.  It does not begin with us, but with who God is, what God has said, and what God has done.  God is the main event – not the music or even the message.  Thanksgiving was a way of marveling at God’s generosity.  By offering themselves in dedication, they were surrendering themselves to God.  

It should be obvious, but it’s not often the case, that worship is all about God, not about us.  It’s not ultimately a question of musical style but of majestic substance.  Praise must take precedence over our preferences.   

Incidentally, I’m grieved when I hear people make pejorative comments about the music in the first service or the music in the second service.  I’ve noticed that its way too easy to start sinning when we talk about singing.  The purpose of our praising according to Ephesians 5:19-20 and Colossians 3:16 must be to worship God and to encourage one another.

The secret of acceptable worship is not simply what we do but how we do it.  The new residents of Jerusalem radiated joyful hearts with jubilant songs of thanksgiving.  Worship was never meant to be drab and boring.  There was nothing stereotyped or monochrome about this thanksgiving service.  A wide variety of musical gifts were used to express adoration and praise.  

In verse 27 we see that instrumentalists played “cymbals, harps and lyres.”  Verse 35 and verse 41 tell us that the priests played their trumpets.  This passage is filled with superlatives.  

In verse 27 they celebrate “joyfully.”  Notice the large choirs” in verse 31.  In verse 43 the priests “offered great sacrifices, rejoicing because God had given them great joy.” There is nothing half-hearted about their joyful adoration because it is the outflow of supremely grateful hearts from people who have personally experienced the lavish generosity of God.

Nehemiah 9:4-5 describes another worship service.  The Levites divided themselves into two groups.  Some were standing on the stairs on one side of the assembly and the other group stood across from them.  These two groups called back and forth to the congregation, one group confessing the sins of the people, the other praising God for His greatness.  It’s like an antiphonal chorus.  

The first group “called with loud voices.”  This literally means that they “cried out.”  The second group focused on God’s character as they sang.  In fact, the rest of this chapter gives us the actual words they used.  Cries of guilt are followed by shouts of praise for God’s greatness, goodness, and graciousness.  Tears of grief form the lyrics of lament while tears of joy transpose the anthem of adoration.  We see once again that our services should be filled with both reverence and rejoicing.

In his book “When God Comes to Church,” Steve Gaines asserts that the great need of the church today is a renewed sense of God’s presence.  Referring to an old-time preacher speaking about God sending fire on Mount Carmel during the prophet Elijah’s day, the manifest presence of God is “when God shows up, and He shows off!  He comes in not to take sides but to take over.  When He arrives in splendor and glory, it is obvious to everyone that He is present and He is in charge.”

In verse 5, the “worshippers” invite the people to, “Stand up and praise the Lord your God, who is from everlasting to everlasting.  Blessed be your glorious name, and may it be exalted above all blessing and praise.”  In this chapter, the believers reflect on God’s nature and character as well as His mighty works in history.  If you’re struggling with your faith this morning, it may well be because your view of God is too small or too narrow.  

David Wells, a theologian, calls this the “weightlessness of God.”  He writes that our sense of inadequacy or ineffectiveness can be traced to our limited understanding and experience of God: “God rests too inconsequentially upon the church.  His truth is too distant, his grace too ordinary, his judgment too benign, his gospel too easy, and his Christ too common.”  

Worship should alter the way we live.  Allen Ross adds, “If worshippers leave a service with no thought of becoming more godly in their lives, then the purpose of worship has not been achieved…if people continue to be unkind, or mean-spirited, or self-centered, or immoral, then there has been a breakdown somewhere in the process.  If they are not at peace with one another in the assembly, then they are not at peace with God and should not leave the sanctuary until they are.”

5. Caring for Others. 

In the middle of the book, we read that the community of believers starts to self-destruct because of some festering grievances.  The workers now face a new enemy who is harder to conquer than the previous ones.  The timing could not have been worse because the walls are almost done!  

In chapter 5 Nehemiah has to put down his hard hat and turn his attention from the construction of the wall to the walls that were being put up between his workers.  While their external enemies helped to rally the people, internal conflict threatened to divide and destroy them.  It’s much easier to conquer and subdue an enemy who attacks us than it is to forgive and restore a friend who hurts us.

In the midst of a great work” in 4:19 for a great God” in 1:5, in 5:1 “the men and their wives raised a great outcry against their Jewish brothers.”  This was not just a little disagreement or a minor problem.  

Nehemiah stops everything and deals with the division because God’s people must not only share, they are called to care.  He appeals to their love, he reminds them of God’s redemptive purposes, and he challenges them to remember their witness. 

We don’t have time to fully develop this idea but let me just say that there is a direct correlation between the effectiveness of our mission and how we treat each other.  If you’re in conflict right now with someone, take the initiative, meet face-to-face and make it right.

6. Telling Others the Gospel. 

Nehemiah 12:31-39 tells us that the leaders went up on the top of the wall.  They were accustomed to having workers and watchers on the walls, now the people are assigned to be worshippers on the walls.  The people were bearing witness to the watching world that God had done the work, and He alone should be glorified.  The enemy had said in 4:3 that the walls were so weak that a fox could knock them down, but here the people are marching on the walls! It was another opportunity to prove the truth of 6:16: “…this work had been done with the help of our God.”  As they marched on top of the walls, everyone could see what was happening, and for miles around unbelievers heard the sound of praise.  Look at verse 43: “The sound of rejoicing in Jerusalem could be heard far away.”

Let’s remember that whenever we face trouble, we must deal with the rubble.  And we do that by looking up, not down.  And by looking out, not within ourselves.  God will rebuild the rubble in our lives when we put Him and His purposes first through Instructing, Ministering, Praying, Adoring, Caring and Telling.  But first we must make sure Christ is at home in our hearts.  If you’ve drifted from Him, it’s time to come home.


Max Lucado tells a story about a young girl from Brazil who wanted to see the world. Discontent with a home having only a pallet on the floor, a washbasin, and a wood-burning stove, she dreamed of a better life in the city.  One morning she slipped away, breaking her mother’s heart.  Knowing what life on the streets would be like for her young, attractive daughter, Maria hurriedly packed to go find her.  

On her way to the bus stop she entered a drugstore to get one last thing.  Pictures.  She sat in the photograph booth, closed the curtain, and spent all she could on pictures of herself.  With her purse full of small black-and-white photos, she boarded the next bus to the city.

Maria knew Christina had no way of earning money.  She also knew that her daughter was too stubborn to give up.  When pride meets hunger, a human will do things that were before unthinkable.  Knowing this, Maria began her search in bars, hotels, and nightclubs, any place with a bad reputation.  She went to them all.  And at each place she left her picture—taped on a bathroom mirror, tacked to a hotel bulletin board, fastened to a corner phone booth.  And on the back of each photo she wrote a note. 

It wasn’t too long before both the money and the pictures ran out, and Maria had to go home.  The weary mother wept as the bus began its long journey back to her small village.  It was a few weeks later that young Christina descended the hotel stairs.  Her young face was tired. Her brown eyes no longer danced with youth but spoke of pain and fear.  Her laughter was broken.  Her dream had become a nightmare.  A thousand times over she had longed to trade these countless beds for her secure pallet.  Yet the little village was, in too many ways, too far away.  

As she reached the bottom of the stairs, her eyes noticed a familiar face.  She looked again, and there on the lobby mirror was a small picture of her mother.  Christina’s eyes burned and her throat tightened as she walked across the room and removed the small photo.  

Written on the back was this compelling invitation.  “Whatever you have done, whatever you have become, it doesn’t matter.  Please come home.”  She did. 

God gave you life and He made you for His purposes.  It’s time to allow Him to rebuild the rubble in your life.  But you must first come home.  He’s drawing you to Himself.  Allow Him to take you and to use you and to fill you.  Do that as we sing this closing song.

Do you have any thoughts or questions about this post?